What’s the most common choice for a second language in Europe? It’s not French, German, Spanish, or Italian. It’s English.
In Europe, English is the most widely spoken non-native language. Thirty-eight percent of the population speaks English and in 19 European Union member-states, it’s the dominant foreign language. The popularity of English in Europe may not come as a shock, since it’s commonly referred to as “the language of business” globally.
On a (rather small) continent with over 60 indigenous languages and 50 countries, English became a common denominator. It started with the politicians and bureaucrats from all over Europe…
The European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR) did a survey of residents in 11 European countries at the end of 2020 to gauge their attitudes toward the trans-Atlantic relationship. They found that while most Europeans are optimistic about Joe Biden’s presidency, a significant chunk of people in Europe also feel that they can’t trust the U.S.
The biggest takeaway of the ECFR poll is that former U.S. President Donald Trump was not an anomaly. As the authors Ivan Krastev and Mark Leonard put it, “America has a new president but not a new country.”
The 11 countries included in the…
They move and live overseas for different reasons, to various countries. The answer to the question “Who are Americans abroad?” isn’t so straightforward.
Americans living overseas aren’t counted on the U.S. census. The U.S. government, unlike most other nations in the world, doesn’t strive to keep accurate counts of American citizens living outside its borders. Why not? In a previous post, I discussed the census and how difficult it is to get an accurate number of Americans living outside the U.S. In this post, I’ll focus instead on identity, by asking and answering the following questions:
Let’s ask some international relations scholars what they think foreign policy is.
“Those actions which, expressed in the form of explicitly stated goals, commitments and/or directives, and pursued by governmental representatives acting on behalf of their sovereign communities, are directed towards objectives, conditions, and actors — both governmental and non-governmental — which they want to affect and which lie beyond their territorial legitimacy” — Walter Carlsnaes
“The sum of official external relations conducted by an independent actor (usually a state) in international relations” — Christopher Hill
As these quotes show, foreign policy is as much about action and behavior as…